The state of Haryana was created off Punjab in 1966 and shares Chandigarh as the capital with the state of Punjab. A large part of Haryana belongs to the NCR territory that is the National Capital Region. Prime cities of the state include Gurgaon, Rohtak, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Panipat and Hissar. The state has many popular tourist spots, including spots of scenic beauty, forts, pilgrim destinations, and sanctuaries. Crafts find a special space in the development of Haryana state. Haryana organizes various craft festivals. The notable among them is the Surajkund Crafts Mela, held every year in February portraying at and crafts of the entire country including Haryana.
The handicraft industry of Haryana offers an extensive range of art and craft including pottery making, handlooms, woven furniture and woodcarving. The handloom culture of Haryana is widespread. The textile town, Panipat is popular for its rugs and upholstery fabric. Moreover, pottery of Haryana is also famous because of their artistic decorative pots. Rohtak district makes some beautiful pitchers with clay. The villages of Haryana are centers of these local crafts. Other crafts of Haryana include tilla juttis of Rewari, educational toys of Gurgaon and much more.
Different categories of Haryana handicrafts
Pottery making in Haryana is as popular as in any other state of India. Pots are made of clay, which come very cheap and easy, which is why this craft is so common in most places. The potter works on a wheel with clay to create the pots and other things like toys. And the women of the family make the designs and colors the pots and toys.
Embrodiery & Weaving of Haryana is another craft of the state. Woven work of Haryana is popular all over the country. Haryana produces beautiful shawls, dhurries, robes etc. The Haryana shawls are interesting work of art called as Phulkari. This is weaved in a magnificent and colorful piece of clothing with intricate embrodiery. This shawl is forms a basic winter wear for Haryana women.
In Phulkari art motifs of birds, flowers and human figures are stitched on a colorful cloth using darning needles. The design is done from the reverse side on the cloth in a vertical and horizontal pattern. Satin and silk is also used for extra effect.
Bagh is another form of craft, where geometric pattern of design are followed. This craft is persuaded mostly by Muslim workers and are very colorful in its design. Designs can be anything including elephants, houses, crops, the sun, the moon, kites, gardens, and so on. This art is done on khaddar, i.e., coarse cotton cloth with silk thread.
Chope is a kind of shawl, which is simple in its look as compared to phulkari and bagh.
Durries are rugs having spectacular geometric designs. In Haryana, durries are made on blue colored cloth with white triangle designs. Panipat is the hub of making durries in Haryana.
Haryana is also the center of numerous styles of paintings, which are available of different styles and of different periods.
The craft of Sculpture making is concentrated around central and northern parts of the state. Like in other states, Gods formed the basis of sculpture in ancient Haryana.
Theatre, locally known as Swang in Haryana, is another integral form of an art in the state’s culture. Usually performed in rural areas, Swang is complete with folklore, music and narration. This is a rural folk drama depicting mythological and modern tales of love, sacrifice, humor etc.